Gingivitis and Gum Disease: Which do You Have?

Did you know that eighty percent of American adults have some form of periodontal disease? For most, beginning symptoms are usually painless, so many who are at risk don’t recognize the signs and stages. If your Cumming, GA dentist has ever told you that you have signs of gingivitis, he or she was actually alerting you that you have the beginning stages of periodontal disease.

Symptoms and Treatment of Gingivitis 

Gingivitis is a condition that causes gums to become infected, red and tender. This happens because a plaque build-up can develop and harden into tartar, which irritates the gums. Early signs to look out for include bleeding gums when brushing or flossing, mouth sores, gums that are tender to the touch, or bright red, red-purple or shiny gums. Your dentist can treat gingivitis by cleaning teeth to remove plaque and tartar and prescribing special mouthwashes or topical treatments.

Symptoms and Treatment of Periodontal Disease

Symptoms of periodontal disease are far worse than gingivitis. Infection in your mouth can spread from the gums to the ligaments and bone supporting the teeth, causing gum abscess, a collection of pus and swelling of the gum tissues, and possible receding of the gumline, causing teeth to become loose and increased spaces between them. Treatment for periodontal disease involves more serious action such as antibiotics and antimicrobials,  deep scaling of the root surface, removing infected gum tissue or even extracting teeth.

What You Can Do: Brushing, Flossing and Dental Visits

It is important to catch the disease in its earlier stages when treatments are easier. Patients can prevent periodontal disease by regular flossing, brushing and visiting their dentist for regular checkups. If you’re concerned about the look of your gums or suspect signs of periodontal disease, don’t hesitate to contact our office conveniently located in Cumming, GA to set up an appointment with Dr. Jordan.


  1. […] haven’t flossed in a while and your gum tissue has become red and inflamed. This is a sign of gingivitis and occurs because the body is sending more blood to the gum and is the body’s response to […]

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